Changing the Way the Brain Functions
First, an electroencephalogram, also known as EEG, measures the rhythmic electrical activity of the nerve cells in the brain, known as brainwaves. So, EEG Neurofeedback uses EEG measurement technology to inform patients about brainwave activity. Then, electrical activity in the brain occurs at various frequencies. These frequencies relate to different brain and body functions. Over-or under-production of different frequencies results in difficulties. Potential difficulties include attention and learning, sleeplessness, anxiety, migraines, or more serious conditions — such as epilepsy and coma.
Biofeedback & Neurofeedback
Unfortunately, people confuse Biofeedback and Neurofeedback:
- Biofeedback uses precise instruments placed on the body to measure physiological activity such as heart function, breathing, muscle activity, and skin temperature. Thus, the instruments gives patients information about physiological activity measurement, or “feedback” about how the person functions. Since the 1970’s, Biofeedback successfully promotes muscle relaxation, eases pain, reduces anxiety, and can reduce blood pressure.
- Also known as EEG Neurofeedback improves brain function by changing brainwave patterns that are out-of-sync. With Neurofeedback training, a technician places non-invasive, painless sensors —called electrodes— on the surface of the head. The electrodes do not have needles and do not produce electrical current. Thus, unlike Biofeedback, which measures physiological responses, Neurofeedback provides direct information about brainwave activity and function. Most of all, the electrodes amplify and display the brainwave patterns on a computer screen.
Depending on the type of neurofeedback program, patients may see actual brainwave patterns, watch objects move around the screen to “play” video games, or move physical objects as the brainwave activity changes. While on feedback (listening to beeping sounds, watching brainwave patterns, or “playing” games), patients unconsciously learn to change brainwave patterns.
Therefore, the effectiveness of EEG Neurofeedback depends on the immediacy of the feedback. So, the less time between the brainwave pattern and associated feedback, the greater the ability of the feedback to create change in brainwave patterns. Thus, real-time EEG displays actual brainwave patterns on the screen, providing feedback with less than 1,000th of a second delay, resulting in the most effective type of EEG Neurofeedback.
Finally, Real-Time EEG improves much:
- Anoxia (oxygen deprivation)
- Attention Deficit Disorder
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity
- Birth injuries
- Brain injuries
- Cerebral palsy
- Cluster headaches
- Coma, Concussion
- Down’s Syndrome
- Learning Disabilities
- Migraine headaches
- Near drowning
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder